Link to an on-line book: Spiking Neuron Models: Single Neurons, Populations, Plasticity
Wulfram Gerstner and Werner M. Kistler Cambridge University Press (August 2002)
The book is an introduction to spiking neuron models aimed at graduates - in fact, the authors say that they used it as lecture material; one chapter per lecture. It would also then naturally be useful as a general reference book. Although I have not yet had a chance to read it, I do fully intend to, as it seems to be ritten at the right level, and in a genuinely instructive manner. The introduction lays out all of the concepts necessary for the understanding of the rest of the book (an introduction to neurons and their models, and an overview of rate and spike codes, for example). The rest of the book is divided into three parts, which are described concisely in the Preface:
In order to understand signal transmission and signal processing in neuronal systems, we need an understanding of their basic elements, i.e., the neurons, which is the topic of part~I. New phenomena emerge when several neurons are coupled. Part~II introduces network concepts, in particular pattern formation, collective excitations, and rapid signal transmission between neuronal populations. Learning concepts presented in Part~III are based on spike-time dependent synaptic plasticity.